The Effect of Soap Bubbles Technique, Coughing and Distraction Cards on Reducing Pain and Anxiety During Phlebotomy in Children
Pain is described as a non-pleasant emotional and sensory state. People first experience pain during childhood. Pain which is considered as the fifth vital sign should be monitored and managed by healthcare professionals when providing care to pediatric population.
Purpose:This study aims to compare three techniques (soap bubbles, distraction cards, coughing) to reduce pain and anxiety in children during phlebotomy, with the use of a control group.
Design/Methods: Experimental, randomized controlled study.The population of this study consisted of 120 children (30 subjects in each of the four groupssoap bubbles technique, distraction cards, coughing and control groups) between the ages of 6 to 12 subject to phlebotomy in Turkey. Pain levels of children were assessed with the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale and anxiety levels of children were assessed with the Children's Fear Scale.
Findings: The study found that pain and anxiety levels of the children in intervention groups were lower than those of the children in the control group during phlebotomy procedure and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). No difference was found among the three techniques (Soap bubbles, distraction cards and coughing) to reduce pain and anxiety in children during the phlebotomy procedure (p>0.05).
Conclusions: Soap bubbles, distraction cards and coughing techniques were found to reduce pain and anxiety in children during phlebotomy procedures. Nurses can play an effective role in reducing pain and anxiety by using these techniques.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Pain , Anxiety , Children