Aim: The attachment, which is developed in the first 2 years of life, actually begins much earlier and it is mentioned that there is an attachment between mother and baby even in the prenatal period. The most important part of the attachment begins just before birth and continues to develop in the months after birth. Since the early period after birth is the most intense period of attachment, it is the best time to initiate a positive mother-baby relationship. In this study we aimed to evaluate parenting attitudes of mother in postpartum period and related factors
Method: The study was carried on 62 mothers having healthy babies and giving vaginal and c/s birth at Ordu Maternity and Gynecology Hospital. The data were collected by means of survey form and The Postpartum Parenting Behaviour Scale (PPBS). During the first ten minutes after the labor, the observer followed the attitude of the mother towards her baby, and recorded as (+) for existing attitude, as (-) for unavailable attitude. The data were evaluated by using the descriptive statistics, t-test, one way analysis of variance, Kruskal Wallis, Mann Whitney-U, and Pearson Correlation Analysis
Results: The average of mother’s age was 29,7±6,5 . %24 was normal vaginal birth and %74.2 was c/s birth. PPBS mean score was 5.24±1.11 points. Delivery method (vaginal birth or c/s) and sex of baby were not correlated with PPBS scores. However there was a significant relationship between duration of marriage (r= -.364, p=0.06), number of pregnancy (r=-. 414, p=0,001) and PPBS scores.
Conclusion: Our resulsts shows that mode of delivery does not effect mother’s parenting attitudes and mother’s behaviours does’nt change according to babie’s sex. However, parenting behaviors of mothers against newborn babies decrease as the marriage duration increases and the number of pregnancies increases. In order to determine related factors in more detail, larger sample size studies are needed to examine parenting behaviours at birth.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Postpartum Parenting Behavior, Mother-child interaction, Attachment