Gender and biological sex are interdependent but different from each other. Gender is basically a phenomenon shaped in the family and social environment. It is the cultural structure that man and woman behave in accordance with these phenomena during the socialization process. However, the roles and models determined by culture for women and men may change from time to time and may vary from culture to culture. While imposing the roles of “femininity” and “masculinity ere on individuals, a gender pattern gereken should be” was created. Its social construction indicates that gender roles are changeable. The culture of the society in which the individual lives; It determines the characteristics of a woman and man, which establishes expectations about how a woman and man will behave, think and act. In other words, people are born with male or female sex, but they grow up learning to be girls or boys in the roles that society expects specific to their gender. Gender patterns can vary in every culture. In a society, different relationships other than the spouse may be the cause of murder, while in Eskimos the male accepts his wife as the best treat he offers to his guests. Even today in Egypt, men can walk around the streets holding hands, this situation causes different associations and understanding in our society. These differences between the two genders reveal gender inequality. These inequalities can lead to problems such as violence, early pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies, illegal abortions and STDs. These problems can begin while individuals are still in infancy and childhood and continue throughout life. Gender is a process, a cultural structure that is established, dynamic and reproducible. Therefore, a society's perception of gender is of great importance for understanding the social fabric and culture of that society.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Gender, Context Gender, Culture, Gender Inequalities