Anemia of pregnancy continues to be one of the important causes of maternal and fetal morbidity. This study was planned to evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of anemic pregnant women who applied to our obstetrics clinic. The subjects were divided into two groups as anemic pregnant women and non-anemic pregnant women. Anemia group consisted of 120 pregnant women whose third trimester hemoglobin values were compatible with anemia. The control group, on the other hand, was determined as 60 healthy pregnant women who were not anemic. According to the WHO classification of anemia, the number of patients with mild anemia (53.3%) was found to be significantly higher than the number of patients with moderate (30%) and severe anemia (16.6%). When the perinatal outcomes of the groups were compared, cesarean section rates were found to be significantly higher in the anemic group than in the non-anemic group. The rates of oligohydramnsiosis and GDM were similar in both groups. The rate of preterm birth was higher in the anemic group. Ablatio placenta, PPROM and low birth weight ratewere higher in anemic patients. Fetal distress and NICU were higher in anemic pregnants than in controls. Our study results show that pregnant women diagnosed with anemia are more exposed to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight, premature birth, ablatio placentae, compared to healthy pregnant women. Larger prospective studies on this subject are needed.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Anemia, Newborn, Morbidity, Pregnancy